Membuat Crosstab di Postgre

Apa itu Crosstab? Bingung nih merangkainya dalam kalimat, intinya crosstab itu mempunyai  ability to rotate the table seperti pivot.

Crosstab ini sering digunakan utk bikin report yang simple, tanpa ada kalkulasi di coding, tapi narik dari DB udah langsung dapat hasil bersihnya.

Contoh cara membuat crosstab di Postgre:

CREATE TABLE t (Section CHAR(1), Status VARCHAR(10), Count integer);

INSERT INTO t VALUES ('A', 'Active', 1);
INSERT INTO t VALUES ('A', 'Inactive', 2);
INSERT INTO t VALUES ('B', 'Active', 4);
INSERT INTO t VALUES ('B', 'Inactive', 5);

SELECT  row_name AS Section,
        category_1::integer AS Active,
        category_2::integer AS Inactive
FROM crosstab('select section::text, status, count::text from t',2)
            AS ct (row_name text, category_1 text, category_2 text);

Contoh 2: 
create table sales(year int, month int, qty int);
insert into sales values(2007, 1, 1000);
insert into sales values(2007, 2, 1500);
insert into sales values(2007, 7, 500);
insert into sales values(2007, 11, 1500);
insert into sales values(2007, 12, 2000);
insert into sales values(2008, 1, 1000);

select * from crosstab(
  'select year, month, qty from sales order by 1',
  'select m from generate_series(1,12) m'
) as (
  year int,
  "Jan" int,
  "Feb" int,
  "Mar" int,
  "Apr" int,
  "May" int,
  "Jun" int,
  "Jul" int,
  "Aug" int,
  "Sep" int,
  "Oct" int,
  "Nov" int,
  "Dec" int
);
 year | Jan  | Feb  | Mar | Apr | May | Jun | Jul | Aug | Sep | Oct | Nov  | Dec
------+------+------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+------+------
 2007 | 1000 | 1500 |     |     |     |     | 500 |     |     |     | 1500 | 2000
 2008 | 1000 |      |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |      |
(2 rows)
 

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